To reduce the difference in height between the yard and the truck floor, two options are possible:
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The construction of the loading pit may cause some construction challenges due to unfavourable soil conditions or the ground water level.
A steep decline can create problems because when a lorry is not horizontal during loading or unloading operations, the following problems may occur:
A flat lane of 16-18 metres may be the solution directly at the front of the dock before the slope begins. A drainage channel is necessary to allow drainage of rainwater. In this situation the vehicle is parked straight which allowing for smooth and simplified loading and unloading.
The height difference between the straight lane and the road should be bridged with a gradient percentage of a maximum of 10%. When this incline is larger than 10%, problems can arise as trucks drive in and out. In extreme circumstances, a truck cabin and trailer may even hit each other.